For our first overview of Ryzen 5000 we checked out the Ryzen 9 5950X, AMD’s new $800 16-core, 32-thread AM4 processor. Right this moment, we’re wanting on the Ryzen 9 5900X, the 12-core, 24-thread CPU that is obtainable for $550.
That makes the 5900X ~8% cheaper per core when in comparison with its greater brother as AMD can get away with charging a premium for the 16-core mannequin given it faces no actual competitors.
The 12-core R9 5900X is priced to compete with Intel’s Core i9-10900Ok. Usually, the 10-core Intel processor would retail for $530, however on account of provide points, it usually sells for $550 or $600, which suggests the 10900Ok and 5900X are comparable when it comes to value.
Now we have to learn the way they stack up when it comes to efficiency.
The 5950X is a beast, so we’re anticipating good issues from the 5900X which brings down the core depend as the one main change. The clock speeds are a lot the identical, the increase frequency has been lowered by 100 MHz, whereas the bottom frequency elevated by 300 MHz. As a result of each CCDs are nonetheless lively, it packs a complete L3 cache of 64 MB.
As soon as once more, we’re not going to concern ourselves with Zen three architectural enhancements on this overview, somewhat we’ll skip that and soar into the benchmarks.
Earlier than we do although, let’s take a fast have a look at one more new AM4 motherboard. In yesterday’s overview we showcased the Asus ROG Crosshair VIII Darkish Hero, and now we’re getting our first have a look at the MSI B550 Unify, a brand new B550 board that features… effectively, just about all the things.
The highlights embrace a 16-phase VRM utilizing Infineon TDA21490 90A powerstages, a 6-layer PCB with 2oz thickened copper, all aluminum prolonged heatsinks with devoted VRM heatpipe, 4 M.2 slots with double sided M.2 Defend Frozr cooling and DDR4 A-XMP help for as much as DDR4-5800.
There’s additionally a Unify-X model with simply two reminiscence DIMMs. MSI claims the Unify-X can do DDR4-5800 with 4000 G collection processors and DDR4-5300 with Third-gen Ryzen. Whereas the usual Unify that we’ve can obtain DDR4-5600 with 4000 G-series although they’ve but to make any Ryzen 5000 collection claims.
Later this month we’ll put collectively an in depth Zen three reminiscence efficiency information and we’ll use the usual Unify for the majority of our testing. This MSI board is priced at $290, so it’s a Gigabyte B550 Grasp competitor. We’ll return to extra motherboard testing after our slew of Ryzen critiques.
To maintain issues easy for all our new Ryzen 5000 testing, we’re utilizing the identical MSI X570 Godlike motherboard together with 4 8GB G.Ability TridentZ DDR4-3200 CL14 reminiscence modules for a 32GB capability. Cooling all methods is the Corsair iCUE H150i Elite Capellix AIO.
For all of the productiveness testing we’re utilizing an RTX 2080 Ti, however for the gaming benchmarks we’ve up to date all our numbers with the RTX 3090, so let’s get into the graphs…
First up we’ve Cinebench R20 and wow, 8487 factors is fairly insane. That’s a 17% enhance from the 3900X, making the 5900X simply 8% slower than the 3950X. These are spectacular numbers contemplating the CPU packs 25% fewer cores. When in comparison with the Core i9-10900Ok which is a tough match in value, the brand new 5900X is available in 32% quicker, though it does have 20% extra cores.
Working the one core benchmark reveals why the 5900X is a lot quicker than the 10900Ok in Cinebench R20. Right here we’re a 16% increase to single-thread efficiency. It’s additionally a 23% enchancment from the 3900X, and with the same single core rating to that of the 5950X, we’re anticipating robust gaming efficiency.
We additionally watched how the 5900X clocks in every of the Cinebench R20 assessments. For the multi-core take a look at the place all cores are closely loaded, the 5900X clocks at round 4.three GHz. In the meantime, AMD advertises a base clock frequency of three.7 GHz.
Within the Cinebench single core take a look at, the 5900X usually operated at 4.9 GHz, which is 100 MHz over the marketed spec. AMD on this occasion has made certain the max increase frequency will not be solely simply achieved, however will be exceeded to keep away from the drama seen with Zen 2 and its increase clocks.
7-zip appears at compression efficiency and right here the 5900X is 17% quicker when in comparison with its predecessor. It is also capable of edge out the 3950X, making it 37% quicker than the 10900Ok.
When decompressing we discover that SMT is extra helpful and in consequence the 3950X is ready to pull forward. That mentioned, the 5900X is 8% slower and remains to be providing a considerable 18% efficiency increase over the 3900X. Because of this, it’s a lot quicker than Intel’s greatest, beating the 10900Ok by a whopping 43% margin.
AES encryption efficiency is barely improved with Zen three and that is an space the place Zen 2 already excelled. Due to this fact it’s no shock to see the 5900X dominating the 10900Ok by an enormous 52% margin.
Shifting on to Blender, right here we’re a 12% efficiency increase for the 5900X over the 3900X and that meant it was 22% quicker than the 10900Ok.
When in comparison with the 3950X it was 13% slower after which 18% slower than the 5950X.
We discovered when testing the 5950X that the brand new Zen three structure completely shreds in V-Ray, and we’re seeing precisely that with the 12-core mannequin, too. Right here the 5900X principally matched the older 16-core 3950X and that meant it was 23% quicker than its predecessor and 32% quicker than its main competitor, the 10900Ok, so a little bit of a shellacking there.
The final rendering benchmark we’ve is Corona, the place the 5900X is way quicker than the 3900X, boosting efficiency by 22%, delivering 3950X-like efficiency. That’s an enormous gen-on-gen enchancment and it additionally meant the 5900X was 24% quicker than the 10900Ok.
For these of you interested by code compilation efficiency we see that the 5900X is simply 9% quicker than the 3900X, so one of many smaller features we’ve seen thus far, the truth is it could be the smallest.
Regardless of that, it managed to beat the 10900Ok by a convincing 26% margin.
DaVinci Resolve Studio 16 utilizing the Puget Methods Benchmark truly offers the weakest features we’ve seen but, the place the 5900X was simply 8% quicker than the 3900X, roughly matching the 3950X.
Adobe Premiere Professional 2020 lowers the bar even additional, right here the 5900X was simply 5% quicker than the 3900X whereas it was simply 9% quicker than the 10900Ok. Nonetheless a 9% efficiency benefit for roughly the identical cash is hardly something to sneeze at, definitely given it seems to be a worst case state of affairs.
The robust single core efficiency is useful when testing with Photoshop, right here the 5900X matched the 5950X and that meant it was 10% quicker than the 10900Ok and a whopping 20% quicker than its predecessor, the 3900X.
We’re see robust efficiency features over Zen 2 in After Results, one other utility that depends closely on single thread efficiency. Right here the 5900X was 15% quicker than the 3900X and 13% quicker than the 10900Ok, virtually matching the 5950X.
For measuring energy consumption we monitored whole system utilization in Blender. The Ryzen 9 5900X matched the ability utilization of the 3900X, regardless that they each use the identical 7nm course of, Zen three is ready to increase efficiency in Blender by 12%. Furthermore, when in comparison with the 10900Ok, the 5900X decreased whole system consumption by 23%.
By way of temperatures, the Ryzen 9 3900X and 5900X had been each examined in a 21C room on an open take a look at bench utilizing the Corsair iCUE H150i Elite Capellix AIO on the MSI X570 Godlike, put in contained in the Corsair Obsidian 500D.
We may see that the 5900X runs 7 to eight levels cooler than the 3900X beneath the identical take a look at circumstances, regardless of operating at a barely increased clock pace utilizing the identical 7nm course of. A part of this will likely be right down to 7nm maturity, however AMD has additionally included a variety of architectural optimizations. These enhancements additionally enable for a barely decrease vcore which might have helped to cut back energy consumption and subsequently thermals.
We’ve the identical battery of gaming assessments as yesterday’s 5950X review utilizing a GeForce RTX 3090. Stepping into the identical order, we’ll begin with Far Cry New Daybreak.
The 5900X matched the 5950X precisely with 128 fps making it 6% slower than the 10900Ok, however nonetheless a great general outcome given the double-digit proportion enchancment over the 3900X.
The 5900X additionally trails the 10900Ok in Rainbow Six Siege by a small 5% margin. We see the CPU matching the 5950X to offer an 8% increase over the 3900X. This was sufficient to edge out a number of the decrease core depend Intel processors such because the 10700Ok.
In Watch Canine: Legion we see robust efficiency from the 5900X, inserting it on par with the 10700Ok and simply 2 fps down on the 10900Ok. That’s additionally a somewhat massive 15% increase over the 3900X, which struggled in opposition to even the Core i5-10400 at this low decision.
We’re additionally seeing huge efficiency features in F1 2020 because the 5900X is 21% quicker than the 3900X, hitting 272 fps with the RTX 3090. That’s a fantastic outcome which has the brand new 12-core Ryzen processor a mere 2% behind the 10900Ok. That is shut sufficient to deem a attract our e-book.
The efficiency uplift in Horizon Zero Daybreak is strong. Right here the 5900X is 15% quicker than the 3900X and crucially is ready to match the 10900Ok, edging it out by just a few frames for what’s principally the identical efficiency.
Efficiency in Borderlands three is barely barely improved. The 5900X was simply 5% quicker than the 3900X, although that was sufficient to get it inside vary of the 10900Ok, dropping by only a 4% margin.
As seen earlier than within the 5950X overview, these Zen three processors are beasts in Dying Stranding and the 5900X matched the 16-core mannequin precisely, making it 12% quicker than the 10900Ok and extremely, 35% quicker than the 3900X.
The 5900X can also be capable of match the 5950X in Shadow of the Tomb Raider, which means it is 4% quicker than the 10900Ok. A small win that is shut sufficient to name a tie. The brand new processor is thrashing the outdated 3900X by a 26% margin on this title.
Hitman 2 efficiency can also be strong. Right here the 5900X couldn’t match the 5950X, however was nonetheless 7% quicker than the 10900Ok and 34% quicker than the 3900X.
Efficiency in Star Wars: Squadrons is powerful, matching the 10900Ok, although edging it out convincingly for 1% low efficiency. Then we see a 27% efficiency increase over the 3900X, taking the common body price from 247 fps to 314 fps.
The Severe Sam Four outcomes look good for Ryzen. The 5900X is 11% quicker than the 10900Ok and a staggering 47% quicker than the 3900X.
Gaming Efficiency Common
Right here’s a have a look at the common efficiency throughout the 11 video games we examined. For essentially the most half, the 5900X matches the 5950X in gaming, so it is no shock to see them each ship the identical 214 fps common.
This additionally implies that general the 5900X and 10900Ok are on par in the case of gaming efficiency, at the very least in our small pattern of video games. On that be aware, we’re wanting ahead to a 40 sport face to face benchmark with these processors.
It is also spectacular to see a 20% efficiency enhance over the 3900X. We all know AMD claimed a 19% IPC enchancment, however seeing that translate into actual world features in video games is one thing else.
We had been capable of hit an all-core 4.6 GHz overclock with the 5900X utilizing 1.375v. This is not fairly pretty much as good because the 5950X’s 4.7 GHz, however a strong all core overclock nonetheless. This boosted the Cinebench R20 multi-core efficiency by 7%, so it isn’t superb and nothing just like the 20% increase the 5950X acquired, nevertheless it’s free efficiency assuming you’ve got a good cooler and motherboard.
With that mentioned, we are able to’t advocate this overclock because it decreased single core efficiency. Beforehand, the 5900X hit 4.9 GHz on this benchmark, now we’re limiting it to 4.6 GHz and that decreased the rating by 7%.
The overclock is helpful for operating core-heavy functions in the event you‘re glad to sacrifice effectivity for extra efficiency. The features aren’t superb as seen in Cinebench R20’s multi-core take a look at although, once more we’re solely a 6% efficiency increase.
For that 6% efficiency increase the overall system consumption is elevated by 16% and whereas that’s nonetheless 11% lower than a inventory 10900Ok, it’s a discount in efficiency per watt.
For essentially the most half, avid gamers gained’t need to overclock the 5900X, at the very least not the way in which we’ve. Maybe per CCX overclocking will work out higher. Right here we’re a 5% efficiency discount, although clearly you’ll solely see that when closely CPU sure which isn’t usually the case in video games.
We do see a slight efficiency enchancment in Far Cry New Daybreak because the overclock elevated the common body price by 2%, in order that’s one thing.
Worth to Efficiency
Time for the value vs. efficiency evaluation. Beginning with Cinebench, we see that the 5900X comes out costing 25% lower than the 10900Ok, with the Intel processor priced at $550, although we’ve seen promoting as excessive as $600. It ought to be priced at $530, however with spotty availability, you’ll end up paying a premium to get it.
Utilizing a much less favorable program like Adobe Premiere, the 5900X remains to be seen delivering extra worth than the 10900Ok because it was 8% more economical. Not a serious distinction, however as we mentioned, this was one of many much less favorable functions for the 5900X.
Regardless of presently costing virtually $100 greater than the 3900X, the 5900X nonetheless prices 5% much less per body. When in comparison with the 10900Ok, it was simply 4% cheaper per body.
The 11 sport common appears barely completely different. Principally the 5900X gives the identical stage of worth for CPU-limited gaming because the 3900X, regardless of costing $90 extra in our comparability. Additionally, when in comparison with the 10900Ok we’re wanting on the identical stage of worth for gaming.
What We Realized
We’ve gotta say, as spectacular because the Ryzen 9 5950X is, we discovered reviewing the 5900X just a little extra attention-grabbing, largely as a result of it has a direct competitor in the identical value bracket. The Ryzen 9 5900X is a extra wallet-friendly CPU and presumably the extra in style of the 2 for these seeking to construct a high-end system.
For avid gamers, it makes much more sense. The query now’s, for avid gamers seeking to construct a high-end system, which CPU ought to they purchase, the 10900Ok or the 5900X? For the overwhelming majority of individuals, it’s not going to make an actual distinction. Efficiency goes to be roughly the identical, and even when CPU restricted 99% of the time, you gained’t be capable of inform the distinction. Trying into the longer term, the 5900X is the extra highly effective of the 2 general and likewise has extra cores as well.
When wanting on the newer, extra demanding video games resembling Dying Stranding and Severe Sam 4, for instance, we see that Ryzen leads by a great margin. Due to this fact we foresee a scenario in 1 to 2 years the place the 5900X is main the 10900Ok by a cushty margin in most demanding titles, although that is solely hypothesis on our half based mostly on what we’ve seen right now.
For essentially the most half, you’re possible going to be GPU restricted when gaming, and meaning you’re even much less prone to discover the distinction between the 10900Ok and 5900X on the brief time period. The 5900X does have the benefit of better energy effectivity. There’s additionally PCI Categorical 4.Zero help in newer motherboards, which is able to show useful sooner or later sooner or later.
Then for these of you operating any sort of utility, particularly a core-heavy workload, the selection is extra apparent. Worse case state of affairs, the 5900X is barely barely quicker. Greatest case, it’s round 40% quicker and usually we noticed features within the 20-30% vary.
For now Intel appears to be out of the sport on the high-end, and we suspect issues are solely going to worsen for the blue staff as we work down the Zen three product stack. The Ryzen 9 5900X is a mighty good CPU and for the 10900Ok to be thought of an possibility, in our opinion it’d must be priced at not more than $500, or much less contemplating the the shortage of PCIe 4.0.
Keep tuned tomorrow after we overview the Ryzen 7 5800X.